EuroDSD Symposium", May 21, 2011
--> Open Letter
With a prevalence of about 1:2000, "classic" Hermaphrodites – in the
language of the doctors, "severe cases of Intersex or Disorders of Sex
Development (DSD)" – are more frequent than people
with cystic fibrosis or autism. Adding those who the doctors "only"
diagnose with "genital malformations" (e.g. "Hypospadias"), the rate of
children mutilated in western hospitals according to the surgeons
themselves amounts to 1-2:1000.
None the less, by the end of the 20th century, after 50 years of systematic
surgical and hormonal "corrections" and "repairs", as a species hermaphrodites
are virtually extinct, both in real life and in public perception.
Starting the 1910s a.o. Eugen Steinach in Austria, prison
Leo Stanley (San Quentin, USA), and in the 1930s Adolf
Butenandt in Nazi-Germany conducted the basic research necessary for
inducing "artificial puberty" and "controlled sex development" in humans by
administering synthetic hormones, often in combination with castration (soon to
become standard treatment for hermaphrodites).
Meanwhile at the Johns Hopkins University Hospital in Baltimore (USA),
Hugh Hampton Young brought to perfection the experimental
surgical techniques of making "ambiguous" genitals at least look more like
"normal" ones. What these surgically and endocrinologically constructed,
seemingly "unambiguous" genitals would FEEL like was no part in the equation.
Up until the 1980s,
amputation of "enlarged clitorises" (also called "Clitorectomy" or
"Clitoral Excision") remained the most common practised genital surgery. No
wonder, the doctors and scientists regularly complained about reluctant
"patients", who often simply never returned after their first visit, same as
parents with older children.
In 1950, again at Johns Hopkins, Lawson Wilkins eventually
found a solution to overcome this reluctance: "Curing" the "patients" in their
early infancy, since Wilkins had found the parents to be by far more easily
persuaded right after birth. Staying at Johns Hopkins in 1950, Swiss
endocrinologist Andrea von Prader introduced this practice in
Europe after his return to Zurich in the same year, becoming a globally
respected authority and driving force, creating the "Prader Scales" which are
still globally used to assess wheter an "enlarged clitoris" should be
1951, enter John Money from New Zealand at
Johns Hopkins. During his influential tenure that lasted until his demise in
2006, Money not only coined the term "gender" in its meanwhile predominant use.
Following up on Wilkins' notion of systematic childhood surgeries established
1950, five years later Money et. al. proposed new guidelines called
"Optimal Gender Policy" in 1955—the theoretical blueprint for the
medical extermination of the "intersex patients" (as they were now called) by
means of forced genital surgery/amputation and/or castration in early
childhood, followed by lifelong forced hormone treatments, which during
the next decade was implemented allover the "civilised world".
Money's core "scientific proof" for his theories, published first in 1972,
was derived from a degrading human "twin experiment" under his direct
supervision. Contrary to Money's claims in publications, the experiment
went awfully wrong with
tragic consequences for both "subjects" and their relatives. Despite the truth
emerging in 1997, Money was never held accountable, nor were his countless
Wilkin's/Money's methods of choice are still commonly used today. They
- "corrective surgery", e.g. amputation of the penis/clitoris a.k.a.
"clitoral reduction"; "penile recostruction"; "hypospadias repair"; etc.
- carving an artificial "neo-vagina" which has to be dilated permanently
- castration, followed by lifelong hormone "therapy"
- pre-natal hormone "therapy" (introduced in the late 1970s)
- concealing the truth from the "patients"
As the last requirement shows, all-encompassing deception is deemed an
essential part of the "cure". In order to become "ordinary" boys and
girls, the "patients" must never know they were born different. To achive this,
newborns have to be submitted to surgery in the first 18 months and never being
told afterwards. The parents are lied to as well and critical information is
often withheld from them.
If the gonads (testicles, ovaries, ovotestes) don't fit the assigned gender,
doctors insist on castrations to be performed indiscriminately and quickly,
threatening parents and "patients" alike with an alleged general "high cancer
risk"—while medical surveys indicate relatively common forms in fact have low
cancer risk, like e.g. CAIS at 0.9%–2% (in comparison, breast cancer 20%), and
regular control would be far more beneficial than indiscriminate removal.
Money's framework to "dissolve" all hermaphrodites into seemingly
"unambiguous" men and women was never clinically tried and tested, but became
worldwide factual standard since the late 1950s, and remains so till today.
(Don't accept any different claims by doctors without hard proof and
Despite a new change in nomenclature in 2005 from "Intersex" to the highly controversial "Disorders
of Sex Development DSD", all the medical trade actually does is "advancing" the
same old methods while adding some lip service. But contrary to their regular
claims of "newly improved" techniques, studies maintain:
"The news is not good. Clitoral surgery, even when involving techniques
less drastic than clitorectomy, compromises adult sexual functions. [...]
vaginoplasty, particularly when performed in early childhood, leads to poor
outcomes: it often needs to be repeated later in life, and it is fraught with
complications." (Sytsma: Ethics and Intersex, 2006, p. xxiv >>> PDF)